The Data Management Accountability Matrix is a construct for identifying the stakeholder types across the data ecosystem and the high-level roles and the relationships between the stakeholder types.
Construct – a generic representation of a concept unencumbered by unique characteristics of an industry or organization. The construct is used by an organization to inform the design of a customized model for execution. The customization takes into account the size, complexity, geography, and culture of the organization.
Business – Technology
The data ecosystem within an organization or even in an individual business domain is a complex network of processes and stakeholders – Business and Technology.
Stakeholder – an individual or group engaged in a data ecosystem that is vested in either the creation or consumption of the ecosystem data.
It is useful to categorize the stakeholders at a high level as business and technology functions, however, there are important subgroups in each of those categories.
The purple section of the diagram contains those business-oriented stakeholders focused on the Business Element. Conversely, the green section is those Technology-oriented stakeholders focused on the Data Element. The pivotal bridge between the two foci is the data architecture function.
SME and Data Requirements
The first column of the diagram contains three types of business process domain stakeholders.
Business Process – every business process domain is a data producer.
Data Consumers – some business process domains are also data consumers. They consume data from another business process domain as an input to their business process. During the execution of their process, the consumed data is used in the process and may be transformed or used to derive new data.
Data Analysis – a specific type of data consumer for the data analysis processes. This can be simple data analytics and reporting, more formal business intelligence or highly sophisticated data science processes.
All three types of business process domains across the ecosystem impose What requirements on the business process and data of the data producer. These requirements must integrate into the dataset captured in the data producer’s business processes.
The third column of the diagram contains two technology process stakeholders.
Technology Architecture – responsible for how the requirements across the ecosystem are achieved by the technical environment structure and design.
Application Technology – responsible for how the design, build and run activities of the technical environment meets the ecosystem requirements.
The center column of the diagram contains the drivers of the data management process.
Business Data Management – the business-aligned function accountable for facilitation across the business stakeholders to define and govern the Business Element.
Technology Data Management – the technology-aligned function accountable for facilitation across the technology stakeholders to achieve the Business Element requirements through the technology environment.
Data Architecture – the bridge between the Business Element requirements and the Data Element execution accountable to provide the framework to organize the data.